Picture. Louisa Jordan Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland was planning to have 1,036 beds, but in the first phase only 300 beds were built.
Picture. Louisa Jordan Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
Picture. USACE Novi, Michigan, USA was planned and divided into four zones. After 6 days, the first phase of 250 beds was completed
Picture. USACE Novi, Michigan USA
Picture. Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain. Emergency extension in a sport facility close to the hospital. The transformation of the sport facility lasted less than a month. The existing beds and the minor transformations made inside the main hospital was enough to assist the patients in the peak of the pandemic.
Picture. IFEMA Exhibition Centre, Madrid, Spain. Pavilions were available to locate the different hospitalisation areas.
Picture. IFEMA Exhibition Centre, Madrid, Spain. Before and after picture
Picture. 23 surgical theaters and 44 pre/post surgical beds were transformed into approx. 64 ICU-beds for Covid19-patients.
Picture. O-huset, New Karolinska Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
Picture. Rigshospitalet, Denmark. Preparation of new rooms for Covid-19 patients. Photo: Rigshospitalet.
Picture. Mount Sinai Hospital, NYC USA. Converted patient rooms for Covid-19 care.
Picture. Mount Sinai Hospital, NYC USA. The number of negative pressure isolation rooms before and after adaptation.
Picture. Mount Sinai Hospital, NYC USA. Design hacks to help staff understand their environment
Picture. Mother-Child Clinic at Slagelse Hospital, Denmark. Separation of Covid-19 entrance and flows.
Picture. Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Covid-19 test center. Photo: Lars Wallin
Picture. Mount Sinai Hospital, NYC USA. Additional tents in Central Park.
Picture. Slagelse hospital, Denmark. Tents outside the mother and child clinic.
Implementation of ongoing projects and new initiatives
In Autumn of 2020, a new wave of the pandemic is spreading across Europe and the world. Therefore, at the time of writing, it is difficult to draw definitive and complete conclusions.
Even if it is too early to conclude lessons learned concerning the built environment, many hospital planners have pursued the challenge of adapting existing hospitals during the pandemic. This has led to strategies in implementing different changes during ongoing projects such as the changes during the design process of SNR hospital Mordmoere og Romsdal (Norway); it has also led to new initiatives such as the Pandemic Hospital in Madrid, Spain.
In the design process of Hospital Nordmoere og Romsdal, the following changes has been incorporated, among others, due to the pandemic:
- Separated pandemic triage entrance at the emergency department.
- Sinks in all observation rooms.
- Vertical separation – acute/pandemic/other
- Separated labs – pandemic/non pandemic
Picture. Hospital Nordmoere og Romsdal, Norway. Separated pandemic entrance at the emergency,
In Madrid, the General Director of Infrastructure of the Regional Department of Health of the Community, has taken one step further than most regions. Madrid is currently building a new pandemic hospital with the aim of taking care of future emergency situations and of coordinating and engaging medical alarms or catastrophes. The complex will also function as a hospitality and logistic centre for medical resources.
Picture. New Pandemic Hospital in Madrid. View from the site.
Picture. New Pandemic Hospital in Madrid. Floor plan.
Picture. New Pandemic Hospital in Madrid. Organisation of different cells and units.